Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Adults


ICD-10 code: F43.10

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is part of a cluster of diagnoses called the trauma- and stressor-related disorders.  Trauma- and stressor-related disorders are a group of psychiatric conditions that include:

  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Acute stress disorder

These disorders are characterized by an adverse reaction to one or more traumatic or unusually stressful experiences.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th Edition defines traumatic events as situations in which the individual experiences, is threatened with, or witnesses serious injury, death, or sexual violence.  Repeated exposure to extreme details of traumatic events as part of an individual’s employment (e.g., a police officer or social worker who regularly encounters details of child abuse) also qualifies as a traumatic event.   

PTSD and acute stress disorder are both characterized by a set of adverse cognitive, behavioral, and emotional changes that occur after experience of one or more traumatic events.  Both disorders are characterized by intrusive and upsetting memories of the traumatic event(s), adverse cognitive and emotional changes (e.g., very negative beliefs about the world; persistent dysphoria or anger), avoidance behaviors (including avoiding thinking about the event), and increased autonomic reactivity.   Acute stress disorder is diagnosed when the symptoms occur in the month following the traumatic event.  PTSD is diagnosed when the symptoms persist for one month or longer following the traumatic event.

Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is diagnosed only in children and is characterized by inhibited and emotionally withdrawn behaviors toward the child’s caregiver(s), along with other social and emotional disturbances.  RAD is an adverse reaction to neglect, repeated changes in caregivers (e.g., frequent changes in foster care), or rearing in adverse circumstances (e.g., institutions with inadequate availability of caregivers).

What is Post-traumatic Stress Disorder?

PTSD is a psychiatric disorder that affects approximately 1-2% of adults.  The prevalence of traumatic events is significantly higher, affecting up to 30% of adults, and many individuals do not develop PTSD as a result of these experiences.

Learn more
panic-attacks-min.jpg

Understanding Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

PTSD severity can range from mild to debilitating.  In severe cases, PTSD can lead to inability to work, go to school, or have enjoyable relationships.  Most people with PTSD also have other psychiatric conditions, most commonly depressive disorders, substance use disorders, and anxiety disorders.

Learn more
anxiety-min.jpg

How Is Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Treated?

PTSD is treatable.  Published treatment guidelines for PTSD include those from the American Psychiatric Association, the Society of Clinical Psychology, and the National Institute for Clinical Excellence.

Learn more

Mindyra Teams Up With Your Doctor

Mindyra provides primary care doctors and other health care specialists with valid, time-saving tools to arrive at a more precise diagnosis and treatment plan for their patients who have mental health, substance abuse and learning challenges.

See how we help diagnose and develop treatment plans, plus find specialists to save you time and money.

Get the Mental Health Diagnostic Test Info Kit